Diabetes Mellitus is a condition in which the blood sugar level is persistently raised. This raised blood sugar level if uncontrolled could result in a number of health complications.
There are two types of diabetes mellitus.
- Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
- Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
To prevent and manage diabetes, one of the most important things that need to be addressed in one’s diet.
When people think about diabetes, they think of sugar in food as the cause. This is true to a certain extent. However, it also has to do with the types and quantity of foods that we eat over time.
The following dietary tips will help you get your blood sugar under control.
- Eat healthier carbohydrates
Carbohydrates usually form the base for most of our meals, so choosing healthier options will ensure that we are able to keep our blood sugar level under control. When we choose foods rich in carbohydrates like rice or yam, it is important to think about the amount of food on our plate. It is also important to choose foods that are digested slowly in the body. These are referred to as foods with a low glycemic index.
Read more about glycemic index here.
- Reduce the need to add sugar to food and drinks
Eating sugary foods can affect diabetes control, so reducing sugar intake is a good idea in preventing and controlling diabetes. Instead of adding sugar to food or drinks, you could add sweeteners instead. Also, eating foods with high sugar content should be avoided or only done on a few occasions.
- Eat more vegetables and fruits
Vegetables and fruits are good for your general health. They provide your body with the essential vitamins, fibre, and minerals. Although fruits contain sugars, these are natural sugars that are different from the sugar we add to food.
- Choose your snacks wisely
We all eat snacks like biscuits, pies, or cakes during the course of the day. However, if you want to control your blood sugars, then it is important to choose healthier snacks. This would include things like nuts, fruits, and vegetables, or yogurt.
- Reduce your alcohol intake
Alcohol affects blood sugar control because alcoholic drinks are high in sugar content and they cause weight gain, so it is a good idea to limit the amount of alcohol you drink in other to maintain well-controlled sugar levels
The control of diabetes and the prevention of its complications is closely linked to the adoption of a healthy lifestyle of which a healthy diet is a significant part. There could be no adequate diabetes control without a lifestyle of healthy eating.