What is Glycemic index (GI)?
The glycemic index is the guide to how quickly carbohydrate foods are broken down and affect our blood glucose levels.
High GI foods cause blood glucose to rise rapidly after eating while low GI foods are broken down slowly and cause a more gradual rise in the blood sugar level.
What is the importance of glycemic index?
Because low GI foods cause a more gradual rise in blood sugar levels, they keep you fuller for longer and help to control your blood sugar levels.
High GI foods, on the other hand, cause a rapid rise and drop of blood sugar levels and can make it more difficult to control blood glucose levels.
So when choosing carbohydrates as part of your diet, choosing a moderate quantity of low GI carbohydrate is more beneficial than a high GI carbohydrate.
Table of Glycemic Index
|Food types||Low GI||Medium GI||High GI|
Whole grain bread
|Snacks & Biscuits||Walnut|
Easy cook rice
|Nigerian Staple foods||Amala|