The prostate naturally increases in size as men grow older. It is normally the size of a table-tennis ball by age 40 years and gradually increase to the size of a lemon by age 60 years.
This is a normal process for most men as approximately 8 out of every 10 men will experience this enlargement of the prostate.
8 out of 10 men will experience an enlargement of the prostate.
What are the symptoms of an enlarged prostate?
As the prostate enlarges, it may squeeze on the tube (Urethra) through which urine flows from the bladder. This could result in the following symptoms.
- Poor flow of urine: This means you often have to strain before you are able to get your urine to flow. Occasionally, you may have to wait for some time before the urine starts to flow and as it flows you may also experience some pauses during urination.
You may also notice that the stream of your urine is weaker than normal and towards the end, it it dribbles.
2. Increased frequency: You will notice you are beginning to have to urge to go the toilet to pass urine more frequently than usual. This can also happen at night. Another frustrating symptom people feel is the urge to go suddenly and not being able to hold it.
What should I do if I notice these symptoms?
First, it is important if you feel the above symptoms to contact your doctor so that they can confirm the diagnosis and make sure you do not have any other condition that could be causing your symptoms.
Another reason to contact you doctor early is that if left untreated, prostate enlargement could result in damage to the kidneys.
How is prostate enlargement treated?
The treatment of prostate enlargement depends on how much symptoms you have. After assessing you and doing a few tests, you doctor might suggest one or more of the following treatments below.
- Wait and see: If your symptoms are not causing too much issue for you, it may just be a matter of monitoring you on a regular basis. Sometimes in addition to general monitoring, you doctor might give you some advice about the amount of water you drink and when you drink and avoiding alcoholic drinks or other stimulants.
- Medicines: Your doctor may be able to prescribe for you medicines that can help to shrink your prostate and improve your urine flow.
- Surgery: Where patients have very difficult symptoms or when medicines alone have not worked, your doctor may be able to suggest the option for surgical treatment.
To summarize, prostate enlargement is a natural process that occurs in majority of men, it could cause symptoms which require some form of treatment. Early diagnosis is vital in order to prevent further complications.