Fibroids are abnormal growths that develop inside or around a woman’s womb. They are very common and a lot of women will have fibroids without ever knowing it because fibroids do not always cause symptoms.

What causes fibroids?

There is no clear-cut reason why fibroids develop, however, the growth of fibroids can be influenced by.

  • Age. Fibroids develop as women grow older
  • Early puberty. Women who attain puberty at an early age are more likely to develop fibroids.
  • Being overweight
  • Being African. Fibroids are found more commonly in Africans than other races.

What are the symptoms of fibroids?

Many women with small fibroids do not experience any symptoms. The development of symptoms in fibroids depends on the size of the fibroid. 

The following are some of the symptoms that can result from having fibroids.

  • Heavy periods
  • Painful periods
  • Low abdominal pain
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Need to pass urine more frequently
  • Pain or discomfort during sex
  • Fertility problems

How are fibroids diagnosed?

Fibroids can be diagnosed following a consultation with a doctor who will perform an examination of the abdomen and an internal examination.

In addition to this, a scan of the abdomen and pelvis will also be required to check the exact size and location of the fibroids.

What is the treatment for fibroids?

If your fibroids are causing symptoms, then you may need treatment for them. There are two main types of treatment.

Medication. These can include medication to manage the pain and excessive menstrual bleeding that occurs with fibroids.

Also, there are medications that can be used to shrink the size of the fibroids.

Surgery. This is the second option for the treatment of fibroids and it may involve an operation to remove the fibroids themselves or where necessary remove the womb (This is usually done in women who have completed their childbearing).